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Textile types

3 January 2014
Textile is the term applied to the body of tissue obtained in sheet form, more or less resilient, elastic and flexible, formed by crossing two sets of textile threads, one longitudinal (warp) and one transversal (weft).
There are different ways to construct textiles. According to the process and the technique used we can divide these into: woven textiles, knitted textiles, special or technical textiles and even nonwoven textiles (as the stabilizer).
Woven textiles, which are the most common, differ by the type of weave used.
Weave is the name given to the type of intersection between the warp and weft yarns on each pass to form a given textile.
There are three types of weave: taffeta, serge (twill) and satin.
It is the simplest texture.
Its course consists of 2 yarns and 2 passes, evolving alternately one and the other.
It is a neutral weave characterized by its strength and resilience.
This weave is obtained by means of a step, forming diagonal stripes.
Applications of this fabric are quite limited, its main use being for flowers and interlinings.
Satin weave is generally used for very smooth and lustrous fabrics such as silk. It is characterized by a very fine warp which is prominent and a thicker weft which is hidden.
This type of weave gives the textile a characteristic surface gloss.